shell 脚本 ---批量重命名

工作中遇到一个小需求,需要对一系列的文件进行重命名。

原始格式是string_1.obj,现在想把文件名中的数字变成定长的,不足位数往前补零,即变成string_001.obj这种形式。

自己学着写了个脚本,很菜的,贴上来请大家指点一下。

#! /bin/bash
# this script is used to rename files
# the orignal filename is as XXXX_1.obj
# and the final filename is as XXX_0001.obj the width of the num  is given as a parameter

rm result.txt
export suffix=".png"
find . -name "*$suffix" > result.txt
cat result.txt | while read oneline
do
        export orifilename=${oneline##*/}    #cut off the path of filename
        export prefilename=${orifilename%_*} #without "_"
        
        export numfilename=${oneline##*_}
        export numfilename=${numfilename%.*} #get the num in filename

        ((i=$1-${#numfilename})) #get the num of zero which is  needed

        export zeros=`echo $numfilename | awk '{printf "%0'"$i"'d",0}{print}'` 
        export finalfilename=$prefilename"_"$zeros$suffix

        #echo "$orifilename, $finalfilename"

        #       rename "s/$orifilename/$finalfilename/" ./$finalfilename
        mv $orifilename $finalfilename
done
echo "Done"

作者: 闲人草堂   发布时间: 2011-05-24