小日本的mirror很稳定

为何国人的linuxforum很不稳定?难道要归结于敬业精神?如果如此,该打屁股!

作者: JiRen   发布时间: 2002-11-07

也不一定呀,小日本的有时不稳定,个人感觉美国的最稳定。
相对而言,毕竟日本是亚洲的主站,而美国是北美的主站。
linuxforum话,国内速度比较快,但更新要稍慢些,有时不稳定。
毕竟是花钱的事呀!

作者: quanliking   发布时间: 2002-11-07

日本那mirror最近经常进不去
估计人太多了
gentoo的更可怜,以前最高记录70KB/S
如今在中午,下午,晚上,根本达不到20KB/S
看来这两个发行版用的人越来越多啦

作者: sd44   发布时间: 2002-11-07

http://www.debian.org/mirror/list
这个是官方提供的主要的镜像站点,最新的可以察看上面网址,应该比较全,当然你有好的,也可声请加入,这里我把前面几句译过来:

Debian worldwide mirror sites
Debian 世界范围镜像站点

Debian is distributed (mirrored) on hundreds of servers on the Internet. Using a nearby server will probably speed up your download, and also reduce the load on our central servers and on the Internet as a whole.

Debian分布(被镜像)在Internet成百上千台服务器上,使用一个比较近的服务器将可能提高你的下载速度,同时减轻了我们中心服务器以及整个Internet的负载。

Debian mirrors can be primary and secondary. The definitions are as follows:
Debian镜像分为主站和从站。如下定义:

A primary mirror site has good bandwidth, is available 24 hours a day, and has an easy to remember name of the form ftp.<country>.debian.org.

一个主站有更好的带宽,每天24小时在线,以及更容易记住的名字,如:
ftp.<contry>.debian.org

Additionally, most of them are updated automatically after updates to the Debian archive. The Debian archive on those sites is normally available using both FTP and HTTP protocols.
另外,他们中的大多数会在Debian文件升级后自动升级。位于这些站点的文件通常即可使用FTP又可使用HTTP协议。

A secondary mirror site may have restrictions on what they mirror (due to space restrictions). Just because a site is secondary doesn't necessarily mean it'll be any slower or less up to date than a primary site.
一个从站可能对他们所镜像的内容有所限制(原应是空间限制)。但并不因为是一个从站,必定意味着它将比主站要慢一点或更新不及时。

Use the site closest to you for the fastest downloads possible whether it is a primary or secondary site. The program netselect can be used to determine the site with the least latency; use a download program such as wget or rsync for determining the site with the most throughput. Note that geographic proximity often isn't the most important factor for determining which machine will serve you best.
使用一个离你最近的站点,得到最快的下在速度,而不论是否主从。
程序netselect
可以用来决定最小延时的站点;
使用一个下在程序如 wget 或 rsync 来判断站点的最大输出。
(从这里可以看出,Debian还是很体贴人的)
注意地理位置上的接近常常不是最重要的因素来决定那台机器将给你最好的服务。
(是呀!大家都挤在一起,最快的也会慢呀)

The authoritative copy of the following list can always be found at: http://www.debian.org/mirror/list.
If you know of any mirrors that are missing from this list, please have the site maintainer fill out the form at: http://www.debian.org/mirror/submit.
Everything else you want to know about Debian mirrors: http://www.debian.org/mirror/.

对以下列表的拷贝权可以一直在下面找到:
http://www.debian.org/mirror/list
如果你知道任何在这份列表中漏掉的镜像,请在下列表单中添写站点信息:
http://www.debian.org/mirror/submit
你想知道的其它任何关于Debian镜像的东西:
http://www.debian.org/mirror/

Primary Debian mirror sites
Country Site Debian archive Debian non-US archive

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Austria ftp.at.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Australia ftp.au.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Australia ftp.wa.au.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Bulgaria ftp.bg.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Brazil ftp.br.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Chile ftp.cl.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Czech Republic ftp.cz.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Germany ftp.de.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Germany ftp2.de.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Denmark ftp.dk.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Estonia ftp.ee.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Spain ftp.es.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Finland ftp.fi.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
France ftp.fr.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Great Britain ftp.uk.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Hong Kong ftp.hk.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Croatia ftp.hr.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Hungary ftp.hu.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Ireland ftp.ie.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Italy ftp.it.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Italy ftp2.it.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Japan ftp.jp.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Netherlands ftp.nl.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Norway ftp.no.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
New Zealand ftp.nz.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Poland ftp.pl.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Russia ftp.ru.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Sweden ftp.se.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
Slovenia ftp.si.debian.org /debian/ /debian-non-US/
United States ftp.us.debian.org /debian/ Not mirrored.

作者: quanliking   发布时间: 2002-11-07

Secondary mirrors of the Debian archive

HOST NAME FTP HTTP
--------- --- ----

AT Austria
----------
ftp.at.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
gd.tuwien.ac.at /opsys/linux/debian/ /opsys/linux/debian/
debian.mur.at /debian/ /debian/
ftp.tu-graz.ac.at /mirror/debian/ /mirror/debian/
ftp.univie.ac.at /systems/linux/debian/debian/ /systems/linux/debian/debian/

AU Australia
------------
ftp.wa.au.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.au.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
mirror.aarnet.edu.au /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
ftp.monash.edu.au /pub/linux/debian/ /pub/linux/debian/
ftp.uwa.edu.au /mirrors/linux/debian/
mirror.eftel.com /debian/ /debian/
mirror.cse.unsw.edu.au /debian/ /debian/
mirror.pacific.net.au /debian/ /debian/
ftp.iinet.net.au /debian/debian/ /debian/debian/
debian.goldweb.com.au /debian/
mirror.datafast.net.au /linux/debian/ /linux/debian/
debian.ihug.com.au /debian/ /debian/

BE Belgium
----------
ftp.tiscali.be /debian/ /debian/
ftp.kulnet.kuleuven.ac.be /debian/ /debian/
ftp.easynet.be /debian/ /ftp/debian/
ftp.belnet.be /debian/ /debian/
ftp.skynet.be /debian/ /ftp/debian/
belnet.dl.sourceforge.net /debian/

BG Bulgaria
-----------
ftp.bg.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.ludost.net /debian/ /debian/

BR Brazil
---------
ftp.br.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.das.ufsc.br /pub/debian/
download.unesp.br /linux/debian/
ftp.matrix.net.br /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
fma.if.usp.br /sft/debian/
linorg.usp.br /debian/ /debian/
ftp.pop-ce.rnp.br /debian/ /debian/
linux.iq.usp.br /debian/

BY Belarus
----------
linux.org.by /debian/ /debian/

CA Canada
---------
mirror.direct.ca /pub/linux/debian/ /linux/debian/
debian.yorku.ca /debian/
debian.pipcom.com /debian/debian/
debian.kida.net /debian.mirror/debian/
ftp.nrc.ca /pub/systems/linux/debian/
ftp3.nrc.ca /debian/ /debian/

CH Switzerland
--------------
sunsite.cnlab-switch.ch /mirror/debian/ /ftp/mirror/debian/

CL Chile
--------
ftp.cl.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.experimentos.cl /Debian/debian/ /debian/
debian.ubiobio.cl /debian/

CN China
--------
www2.linuxforum.net /pub1/debian/ /ftp/pub1/debian/

CR Costa Rica
-------------
debian.efis.ucr.ac.cr /debian/ /debian/

CZ Czech Republic
-----------------
ftp.cz.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.sh.cvut.cz /debian/ /debian/
ftp.zcu.cz /pub/linux/debian/ /ftp/pub/linux/debian/

DE Germany
----------
ftp.de.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp2.de.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.tu-clausthal.de /pub/linux/debian/ /pub/linux/debian/
debian.uni-essen.de /debian/ /debian/
ftp.freenet.de /pub/ftp.debian.org/debian/ /debian/
ftp.uni-mainz.de /pub/Linux/debian/
ftp.uni-erlangen.de /pub/Linux/debian/ /pub/Linux/debian/
sunsite.informatik.rwth-aachen.de /pub/Linux/debian/ /ftp/pub/Linux/debian/
ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de /debian/ /debian/
ftp.stw-bonn.de /pub/mirror/debian/
ftp.fu-berlin.de /pub/unix/linux/mirrors/debian/
debian.tu-bs.de /debian/ /debian/
http://www.uni-koeln.de /debian/ /ftp/debian/
debian.pffa.de /pub/mirrors/debian/ /mirrors/debian/
ftp.mpi-sb.mpg.de /pub/linux/distributions/debian/debian/
ftp.leo.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.tiscali.de /pub/debian/debian/ /pub/debian/debian/
debian.serveftp.net /debian/ /debian/
ftp.tu-chemnitz.de /pub/linux/debian/debian/
ftp.uni-stuttgart.de /debian/ /debian/
ftp.uni-kl.de /pub/linux/debian/ /pub/linux/debian/

DK Denmark
----------
ftp.dk.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
mirrors.sunsite.dk /mirrors/debian/ /debian/
ftp.dkuug.dk /pub/debian/

EE Estonia
----------
ftp.ee.debian.org /debian/ /debian/

ES Spain
--------
ftp.es.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
toxo.com.uvigo.es /debian/ /debian/
ftp.gul.uc3m.es /debian/ /debian/
ftp.gui.uva.es /debian/
ftp.rediris.es /debian/ /debian/
obelix.umh.es /pub/debian/debian/ /pub/debian/debian/

FI Finland
----------
ftp.fi.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.funet.fi /pub/linux/mirrors/debian/ /pub/linux/mirrors/debian/
ftp.jyu.fi /debian/ /debian/

FR France
---------
ftp.fr.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.iut-bm.univ-fcomte.fr /debian/ /debian/
ftp.eudil.fr /debian/ /debian/
ftp.proxad.net /mirrors/ftp.debian.org/
ftp.minet.net /debian/
ftp.info.iut-tlse3.fr /debian/ /debian/
ftp.oleane.net /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
ftp.lip6.fr /pub/linux/distributions/debian/
debian.ens-cachan.fr /debian/ /ftp/debian/
ftp.u-picardie.fr /mirror/debian/ /mirror/debian/
debian.mirrors.easynet.fr /debian/ /
ftp.u-strasbg.fr /debian/ /debian/
ftp.ipv6.opentransit.net /debian/ /debian/
debian.lami.univ-evry.fr /debian/ /debian/
mirror.cict.fr /debian/ /debian/
mir1.ovh.net /debian/
mir2.ovh.net /debian/
ftp.nerim.net /debian/

GB Great Britain
----------------
ftp.uk.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.demon.co.uk /pub/mirrors/linux/debian/
ftp.mcc.ac.uk /pub/linux/distributions/Debian/
http://www.mirror.ac.uk /sites/ftp.debian.org/debian/ /sites/ftp.debian.org/debian/
ftp.ticklers.org /debian/
ftp.linux.co.uk /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
debian.blueyonder.co.uk /pub/debian/ /
mirror.positive-internet.com /debian/ /debian/
the.earth.li /debian/ /debian/

GR Greece
---------
debian.otenet.gr /pub/linux/debian/ /debian/
ftp.ntua.gr /pub/linux/debian/ /pub/linux/debian/
ftp.duth.gr /debian/ /debian/

HK Hong Kong
------------
ftp.hk.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
sunsite.ust.hk /pub/debian/
ftp.dll.com.hk /pub/Distributions/Debian/
xcyber.org /debian/
http://www.zentek-international.com /mirrors/debian/debian/
debian.debugnet.com /debian/ /debian/

HR Croatia
----------
ftp.hr.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.irb.hr /debian/ /debian/
ftp.carnet.hr /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
debian.iskon.hr /debian/ /debian/

HU Hungary
----------
ftp.hu.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.index.hu /debian/
ftp.kfki.hu /pub/debian/ /debian/
debian.inf.elte.hu /debian/ /debian/
ftp.linuxvilag.hu /debian/
ftp.externet.hu /debian/ /debian/
ftp.bme.hu /OS/Linux/dist/debian/ /OS/Linux/dist/debian/

ID Indonesia
------------
gajah.vlsm.org /debian/ /debian/
kebo.vlsm.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.3wsi.net /debian/

IE Ireland
----------
ftp.ie.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.esat.net /pub/linux/debian/ /pub/linux/debian/

IL Israel
---------
ftp.iglu.org.il /pub/distributions/Debian/ /pub/distributions/Debian/
debian.bard.org.il /debian/

IN India
--------
ftp.iitm.ac.in /debian/ /debian/

IS Iceland
----------
ftp.rhnet.is /debian/ /debian/

IT Italy
--------
ftp.it.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp2.it.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp3.linux.it /debian/ /debian/
freedom.dicea.unifi.it /ftp/pub/linux/debian/ /ftp/pub/linux/debian/
ftp.edisontel.com /pub/Debian_Mirror/
debian.nettuno.it /debian/ /debian/
ftp.unina.it /pub/linux/distributions/debian/debian//pub/linux/distributions/debian/debian/
ftp4.linux.it /debian/ /debian/
softcity.iol.it /debian/
mi.mirror.garr.it /mirrors/debian/ /mirrors/debian/
debian.fastweb.it /debian/ /debian/

JP Japan
--------
ftp.jp.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
mirror.nucba.ac.jp /mirror/debian/ /mirror/debian/
ring.asahi-net.or.jp /pub/linux/debian/debian/ /archives/linux/debian/debian/
SunSITE.tus.ac.jp /pub/archives/linux/debian/ /pub/archives/linux/debian/
ftp.dti.ad.jp /pub/Linux/debian/
dennou-t.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp /library/Linux/debian/ /library/Linux/debian/
dennou-k.gaia.h.kyoto-u.ac.jp /library/Linux/debian/ /library/Linux/debian/
dennou-q.geo.kyushu-u.ac.jp /library/Linux/debian/ /library/Linux/debian/

KR Korea
--------
ftp.kornet.net /pub/Linux/debian/ /pub/Linux/debian/
ftp.nuri.net /pub/debian/
ftp.bora.net /pub/linux/debian/
linux.sarang.net /mirror/os/linux/distribution/debian/ /ftp/mirror/os/linux/distribution/debian/
ftp.xgate.co.kr /pub/mirror/debian/ /debian/
mirror.devolus.org /debian/ /debian/

KR Korea (South)
----------------
ftp.kreonet.re.kr /pub/Linux/debian/ /pub/Linux/debian/

LT Lithuania
------------
ameba.sc-uni.ktu.lt /debian/ /debian/
debian.balt.net /debian/ /debian/

LU Luxembourg
-------------
ftp.europeonline.net /debian/

LV Latvia
---------
ftp.latnet.lv /linux/debian/ /linux/debian/
koyanet.lv /debian/ /ftp/debian/

MX Mexico
---------
nisamox.fciencias.unam.mx /debian/ /debian/

NL Netherlands
--------------
ftp.nl.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.nluug.nl /pub/os/Linux/distr/debian/
ftp.eu.uu.net /debian/ /debian/
ftp.surfnet.nl /pub/os/Linux/distr/debian/ /os/Linux/distr/debian/
download.xs4all.nl /pub/mirror/debian/
ftp.snt.utwente.nl /pub/linux/debian/ /pub/linux/debian/
ftp.tiscali.nl /pub/mirrors/debian/
debian.essentkabel.com /debian/ /debian/

NO Norway
---------
ftp.no.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.marked.no /debian/
ftp.uib.no /pub/linux/Debian/

NZ New Zealand
--------------
ftp.nz.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.clear.net.nz /pub/debian/
debian.attica.net.nz /debian/ /debian/

PL Poland
---------
ftp.pl.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.mps.krakow.pl /mirror/debian/ /debian/
ftp.icm.edu.pl /pub/Linux/debian/ /pub/Linux/debian/
ftp.pwr.wroc.pl /pub/linux/debian/ /debian/
zagloba.t19.ds.pwr.wroc.pl /debian/
mirror.ipartners.pl /pub/debian/

PT Portugal
-----------
ftp.uevora.pt /debian/ /debian/
ftp.eq.uc.pt /pub/software/unix/Linux/debian/ /software/unix/Linux/debian/
ftp.ua.pt /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
tux.cprm.net /debian/ /debian/
ftp.linux.pt /pub/mirrors/debian/ /pub/mirrors/debian/

RU Russia
---------
ftp.ru.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
http://www.nick.da.ru /debian/
debian.nsu.ru /debian/ /debian/
debian.psu.ru /debian/ /debian/
debian.udsu.ru /debian/ /debian/
ftp.psn.ru /debian/ /debian/

SE Sweden
---------
ftp.se.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.sunet.se /pub/os/Linux/distributions/debian/ /pub/os/Linux/distributions/debian/
ftp.du.se /debian/ /debian/
kalle.csb.ki.se /pub/linux/debian/ /pub/linux/debian/
mirror.pudas.net /debian/ /debian/

SG Singapore
------------
http://www.lugs.org.sg /debian/
mirror.averse.net /debian/ /debian/
mirror.nus.edu.sg /pub/Debian/

SI Slovenia
-----------
ftp.si.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.arnes.si /packages/debian/
ftp.lecad.uni-lj.si /mirror/debian/dists/unstable/debian/ /mirror/debian/dists/unstable/debian/

SK Slovakia
-----------
ftp.tuke.sk /debian/ /debian/
ftp.cvt.stuba.sk /pub/os/debian/ /pub/os/debian/

TH Thailand
-----------
ftp.nectec.or.th /pub/linux-distributions/Debian/
http://www.buraphalinux.org /pub/debian/ /debian/

TR Turkey
---------
debian.ankara.edu.tr /debian/ /

TW Taiwan
---------
ftp.tku.edu.tw /OS/Linux/distributions/debian/ /OS/Linux/distributions/debian/
linux.csie.nctu.edu.tw /debian/ /debian/
debian.csie.ntu.edu.tw /pub/debian/ /debian/
debian.linux.org.tw /debian/ /debian/
linux.cdpa.nsysu.edu.tw /debian/ /debian/

UA Ukraine
----------
debian.osdn.org.ua /pub/Debian/debian/ /debian/

US United States
----------------
ftp.us.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.debian.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.crosslink.net /debian/ /debian/
ftp-linux.cc.gatech.edu /debian/
ftp.egr.msu.edu /debian/ /debian/
distro.ibiblio.org /pub/Linux/distributions/debian/ /pub/Linux/distributions/debian/
ftp-mirror.internap.com /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
ftp.cerias.purdue.edu /pub/os/debian/ /pub/os/debian/
ftp.cs.unm.edu /mirrors/debian/
mirror.cs.wisc.edu /pub/mirrors/linux/debian/ /pub/mirrors/linux/debian/
ftp.uwsg.indiana.edu /linux/debian/
debian.tod.net /debian/ /debian/
natasha.stmarytx.edu /debian/
osdn.dl.sourceforge.net /debian/
umn.dl.sourceforge.net /debian/
unc.dl.sourceforge.net /debian/
telia.dl.sourceforge.net /debian/
ftp.ndlug.nd.edu /debian/
debian.uchicago.edu /debian/ /debian/
carroll.aset.psu.edu /pub/linux/distributions/debian/ /pub/linux/distributions/debian/
debian.fifi.org /pub/debian/ /debian/
gladiator.real-time.com /linux/debian/
mirrors.kernel.org /debian/ /debian/
mirrors.xmission.com /debian/ /debian/
mirrors.rcn.net /debian/ /debian/
ftp.keystealth.org /debian/ /debian/
ftp.stealth.net /pub/mirrors/ftp.debian.org/
ftp.lug.udel.edu /debian/ /debian/
debian.lcs.mit.edu /debian/ /debian/
ftp.rutgers.edu /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
debian.rutgers.edu /pub/ /
linux-cs.tccw.wku.edu /pub/linux/distributions/Debian/
archive.progeny.com /debian/ /debian/
mirror.csit.fsu.edu /debian/ /debian/
debian.in-span.net / /
linux.csua.berkeley.edu /debian/ /debian/
ftp.silug.org /pub/debian/ /pub/debian/
debian.secsup.org /pub/linux/debian/ /
debian.teleglobe.net /debian/ /
techweb.rfa.org /debian/ /debian/
debian.orst.edu /debian/ /debian/
lyre.mit.edu /debian/
raven.cslab.vt.edu /debian/ /debian/
wuarchive.wustl.edu /mirrors/debian/ /mirrors/debian/
mirror.mcs.anl.gov /pub/debian/ /debian/
debian.2z.net /debian/
sluglug.ucsc.edu /debian/ /debian/
ftp.cs.stevens-tech.edu /pub/Linux/distributions/debian/

ZA South Africa
---------------
ftp.is.co.za /linux/distributions/debian/
ftp.linux.co.za /pub/distributions/debian/
ftp.sun.ac.za /debian/ /ftp/debian/

作者: quanliking   发布时间: 2002-11-07

我这里讲一点经验
在确定站点后,还要把它填入source.list文件中,这里要注意目录格式的写法,每个网站可能有所不同,我的方法是:
ftp ftp.us.debian.org
anonymous
aaa@msn.com
匿名登入后用ls dir cd 等察看目录结构,参考已有站点的目录结构写法和自己的经验填写,然后测试。

作者: quanliking   发布时间: 2002-11-07

ftp://202.118.66.14

我用了好长时间了,几乎天天update,挺好的,呵呵

作者: kanaka   发布时间: 2002-11-07

deb ftp://202.118.66.14/debian/ sid main non-free contrib
deb-src ftp://202.118.66.14/debian/ sid main non-free contrib
deb http://dl.linuxforum.net/debian/ sid main non-freecontrib
deb-src http://dl.linuxforum.net/debian/ sid main non-free contrib

作者: cnchin   发布时间: 2002-11-07